University of Maryland - Baltimore

Function Focused Care Website

Barbara Resnick was awarded two Helen and Leonard Stulman Foundation grants to expand her INQRI work on disseminating function focused care to additional assisted living facilities. With part of this funding, Dr. Resnick has established a website which provides information and tips for caregivers to encourage residents to participate in routine daily functional tasks and engage in other types of physical activity.

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Assisted Living
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Nurse Knowledge and Education

Satisfaction With Assisted Living: The Unexplored Role of Physical Activity

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The level of life satisfaction of older adults residing in assisted living facilities has been tied to a number of factors including depression, social supports, time in caregiving and fear of falling. But less is known about how the environment helps optimize function and physical activity and thereby life satisfaction.

Psychometric testing of the smoking cessation counseling scale

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Smoking is the single most preventable cause of mortality and disability. The Joint Commission recommends that patients admitted to a hospital for heart failure, myocardial infarction and pneumonia who are smokers receive smoking cessation advice during their hospital stay.

This study sought to test the psychometric properties of the Smoking Cessation Counseling (SCC) scale to measure evidence-based counseling interventions given by nurses. The 24 SCC items were developed from guidelines for nurses published by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Resources.

Nurse-Led Intervention to Improve Screening and Treatment for Substance Abuse: An RCT of Hospitals

An alarming one in four hospital admissions are related to substance abuse. Because of the prevalence, health risks to society and strong evidence of effectiveness and efficacy, this study will test implementation of a nursing intervention using substance use Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) in an acute hospital setting. SBIRT is a comprehensive, integrated, approach to the delivery of early intervention and treatment services for persons at risk or with substance use disorders.

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Interprofessional collaboration (R2)
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The Res-Care-AL Intervention Study

Researchers at the University of Maryland, led by Barbara Resnick and Sheryl Zimmerman, conducted a randomized controlled trial to test Function Focused Care – Assisted Living (FFC-AL), an intervention designed to maintain and improve function, physical activity, muscle strength, psychosocial outcomes (efficacy expectations and life satisfaction) and decrease adverse events (pain, falls and hospitalizations) among assisted living residents. FFC-AL was implemented by a research Function Focused Care Nurse (FFCN).

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Smoking Cessation Counseling by Registered Nurses: Description and Predictors in Rural Hospitals

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Tobacco use is the most preventable cause of death and disease in the United States. Annually, it results in 440,000 deaths at a cost of $157 billion and an estimated 5.6 million years of life lost. Tobacco use not only increases the risk of lung and other cancers and cardiovascular and respiratory diseases for smokers. It raises these risks for nonsmokers as well through exposure to secondhand smoke. Because of nurses’ important role in smoking-cessation counseling, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published specific guidelines for nurses in 2005.

Perceptions and performance of function and physical activity in AL communities

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OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe residents' self-efficacy and outcome expectations with regard to function and physical activity (PA); to measure functional performance and time in PA; to evaluate the fit between the resident and the environment; and to evaluate knowledge, beliefs, and care behaviors of nursing assistants (NAs) in 4 different assisted living (AL) communities.

DESIGN: This was a descriptive study using baseline data from an ongoing intervention study, Testing the Impact of a Function Focused Care Intervention, Res-Care-AL.

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